what was the easter rising

The force that would come together and fight during the Easter Rising comprised the Irish Volunteers (under the leadership of Pearse), the Irish Citizen Army (led by James Connolly) and the women’s organisation Cumann na mBan. This is an impartial and well-researched examination of the events and persons associated with this great event in Irish history. A small group of nationalists opposed the idea of Home Rule, as well as Irish participation in the War. (Image: Manchester Guardian History of War. Updates? While some of these buildings such as the GPO or Boland’s Mills, would become iconic in the memory of the Rising, there were other key strategic sites that the rebels did not take control of. Equally the failure to take the HQ of the British administration, Dublin Castle, or a significant central building that was stocked with arms, Trinity College, hampered the rebels and both those buildings would be important bases for British forces during the week. The leaders and organisers of the Rising. It was officially declared a republic in 1949 and a member of the United Nations in 1955. The legacy of the Easter Rising is complex and, at times, deeply contested. Here some children living close to the action collect firewood from the ruins. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The rebel leaders were executed soon afterwards, though in death their ideals quickly triumphed. The Easter Rising book. John Redmond, the leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, addresses a large Home Rule demonstration ca. Pearse and 14 other leaders of the rebellion were court-martialed and executed by British authorities in the weeks that followed. The Rising was mounted by Irish republicans to end British rule in Ireland, secede from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and establish an independent Irish Republic while the United Kingdo… The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. The Following is sourced from Wikipedia. Because Eamon de Valera was the senior survivor of the rising, he gained much of his personal popularity with the Irish people from that event. The Easter Rising was a rebellion in Dublin, Ireland at Easter in 1916. Read 2 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The Rising was planned by the Military Council of the Irish Republican Brotherhood which featured, among others, Thomas Clarke, Seán Mac Diarmada, Patrick Pearse and James Connolly. Easter Rising, also called Easter Rebellion, Irish republican insurrection against British government in Ireland, which began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin. Some of their actions throughout Easter week turned many members of the public against Britain. The Rising: 1916. Many events occurred to mark the occasion. Eoin MacNeill, the leader of the Irish Volunteers, therefore canceled mobilization orders for the insurgents, but Pearse and Clarke went ahead with about 1,560 Irish Volunteers and a 200-man contingent of the Citizen Army. It was carried out by members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood and members of the Irish Citizens Army. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/event/Easter-Rising, History Learning Site - The 1916 Easter Rising, Natioanl Museum of Ireland - The Easter Rising: Understanding 1916, Easter Rising - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Easter Rising - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). There has been much historical debate about why the Rising was planned. The fighting was fierce, particularly around Mount Street Bridge and North King Street, where the death rate on both sides, and amongst civilians, was highest. The original idea was to have a … To free his people from centuries of oppression, a young polio survivor sacrifices true love to mastermind a secret rebellion against the greatest empire the world has ever known. The centenary of the Easter Rising occurred in 2016. (Image: National Library of Ireland, EPH F339). Though the uprising itself had been unpopular with most of the Irish people, these executions excited a wave of revulsion against the British authorities and turned the dead republican leaders into martyred heroes. An infamous document purporting to show that the British authorities in Dublin Castle were planning to clampdown on nationalists, including the Irish Volunteers. However, the ongoing losses in World War One, and the debates over the introduction of conscription in 1918 also led Irish people to question their ongoing relationship with Britain. Eoin MacNeill thought not, and issued a countermanding order that was published in the Irish Sunday Independent on Easter Sunday. The dominant force in Irish politics through to 1916 was the Irish Parliamentary Party led by John Redmond. It was a rebellion against British rule in Ireland and was defeated after a swift British military response. The 1916 Rising was the first major revolt against British rule in Ireland since the United Irishmen Rebellion of 1798. The narrative proceeds almost on an hour-by-hour basis building up a picture which, while immensely detailed, is none the less presented with the greatest clarity. I can think of few other books that can rival Barton and Foy's Easter Rising for historical detail and broad scope- two things that are rarely done well together. Pearse surrendered on Saturday afternoon to avoid any further loss of civilian life. Of the remainder 26% were British troops, 16% rebels and 4% police. The Rising In essence it seems that factors such as the rise of the Ulster Volunteer Force and the strength of Unionism on the island, the existence of the Irish Volunteers as an insurrectionary force, and the fact that the War was a distraction for the British authorities combined to make the Rising a possibility. This not only destroyed the buildings of the street, but ultimately forced the rebels holding the GPO to evacuate the building on Friday evening. The Easter Rising took place in Dublin, and a few outposts across the country, between Monday 24 April and Sunday 29 April, 1916. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Omissions? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Full collection available in the National Library of Ireland). British artillery bombardments compelled Pearse and his colleagues to surrender on April 29. The split over the Treaty, which had led to the creation of the Irish Free State, would not only lead to Civil War, but also to claims, from both sides of the Treaty divide, that they were the true inheritors and custodians of the spirit of 1916. The Party fully endorsed the idea of Irish Home Rule, and had successfully managed to get a Home Rule Bill passed by the House of Commons and made law in 1914. In total these three groups had approximately 1,200 active participants in the fighting during Easter week. Note that Easter Day fell on 27 March in 2016 and on 23 April in 1916. The high levels of artillery used by the British led to a huge number of fires around the Sackville Street area. (Image: National Library of Ireland, INDH 0009). Essentially, the rebel positions spent the week under siege while they were shot at and had heavy artillery rained down on them. The problematic legacy of 1916, in effect the question of who is the political caretaker of the Proclamation, was also seen to feed the flames of the Northern troubles from 1968 and the resurgent IRA and has been to the fore of debates about how this centenary of the Rising be celebrated. The failure to control railway stations or the Dublin and Kingstown docks meant that once the British needed to move troops into the city in large numbers to quell the Rising they could do so relatively unimpeded. The Proclamation of the Irish Republic, signed by the seven signatories and read out at the GPO on Easter Monday. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, which was a revolutionary society within the nationalist organization called … The British capture of a shipment of German arms on 21st April 1916 greatly reduced its scale outside the capital. You may be hearing lots about it in the media at the moment since next year will be the 100th anniversary of the Rising, and huge events are being planned all around Dublin (where the vast majority of the fighting occurred) to mark the occasion. Alternative Title: Easter Rebellion. Rory Sweetman revisits the story of the Easter Rising and the threats posed to Trinity College during that fateful week. The Easter Rising was an ambitious attempt to spark an Ireland-wide rebellion and bring an end to British rule. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The majority of those killed wer… It began on Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, in Dublin , Ireland. Lord Wimborne, the Lord Lieutenant, declared martial law on Tuesday evening and handed over civil power to Brigadier-General W. H. M. Lowe. One of the most important events in recent Irish history is the Easter Rising of 1916. This is a scrupulously researched and superbly written account of the events of that fateful week. Rate this Rebellion is a five part serial drama about the birth of modern Ireland. MacBride was a nationalist hero before the Easter Rising for his part in commanding the Irish Brigade which fought with the Boers in South Africa. It started on April 24, 1916 and ended on April 29, 1916. The Easter Rising was a rebellion against British rule in Ireland. The Irish Volunteers, the smaller of the two forces resulting from the September 1914 split over s… The Easter Rising was just the beginning but it would take years and more blood shed for a free Republic to be born. The British began pouring troops from across Ireland into the city from Monday afternoon, and from England by the dawn of Wednesday. Responsibility for the planning of the rising was given to Tom Clarke and Sean Mac Dermott. The Easter Rising is a double entendre on the holiday; the “terrible beauty” was “born” during Holy Week, which marks the occasion of Christ’s sacrifice. The Supreme Council of the IRB met on 5 September 1914, a month after the United Kingdom declared war on Germany. Officers with the captured rebel flag on Sackville Street. It began on April 24, 1916, which was the day after Easter that year, and lasted five days. (Image: UCD Postcard Collection). There is no doubt that British actions during Easter week, such as the killings of civilians on North King Street, turned public opinion against Britain. Generally the British response to the Rising and the wider impact of World War One served to turn the public away from Redmond’s ideal of Home Rule and towards the more radical Republican rhetoric of Sinn Féin. The Participants Once they had left the GPO the Rising was effectively over. The Easter Rising was virtually confined to Dublin. The complexity over the legacy of 1916 begins in earnest at this point. Those involved in the Rising were arrested, many locals hurling abuse at them as they led away. Britannica now has a site just for parents! The British had learned of the planned uprising and on April 21 arrested Irish nationalist Sir Roger Casement in County Kerry for running arms for the rebels. British forces initially put their efforts into securing the approaches to Dublin Castle and isolating the rebel headquarters, which they believed was in Liberty Hal… 1912. Redmond backed Irish participation in the War, and the vast majority supported that decision. The spirit of 1916, and the military lessons learned from it, are central in understanding the Irish insurgency against Britain between 1919 and 1921 and the creation of an independent Irish Free State. Events. In the Proclamation, Ireland’s “children” and the “exiled children in America” join forces as the Easter Rising begins. The combined ideologies of the three groups are best encapsulated in the Proclamation of the Irish Republic that was read out at the GPO on Easter Monday. On April 24 their forces seized the Dublin General Post Office and other strategic points in Dublin’s city centre, and Pearse read aloud a proclamation announcing the birth of the Irish republic. These two organizations were supplemented by the Irish Citizen Army, an association of Dublin workers formed after the failure of the general strike of 1913, and by the small Sinn Féin party. The insurrection was planned by Patrick Pearse, Tom Clarke, and several other leaders of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, which was a revolutionary society within the nationalist organization called the Irish Volunteers; the latter had about 16,000 members and was armed with German weapons smuggled into the country in 1914. As a military campaign the Rising was ultimately a failure but it had an important legacy in that the British response to the event turned the majority of the Irish public away from the idea of Home Rule and towards the concept of a fully independent Irish Republic. The Easter Rising, or Easter Rebellion, was an Irish republican insurrection against British government in Ireland. ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article mishaps led to its being confined Dublin... Many locals hurling abuse at them as they led away historical newspaper that tells the story of Republican. 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