gaganendranath tagore caricature

The clothes in his suitcase are in a mess, one of his socks is lost, and the coachman is looking at him grimacingly; the entire situation reflects his failure. 9)   Sant Nihal Singh, An Evening with Rabindranath Tagore, The Modern Review, July, 1921. Seeing the cartoon Bose said: “Gaganendranth's cartoons are not the sour delineation of a cynic but scenes which must have wronged the artist's soul with sorrow”.2. 7. (i) How did Gaganendranath transfer the drawings on the litho stone? In the dated drawing of 1921 assuming it to be the final version, the sky is of light tone. Ed. Gaganendranath Tagore was a painter and a cartoonist. The cartoon titled My Love of My Country Is as Big as I Am is a satire on false patriotism in which Gaganendranath has depicted himself as the ordinary Bengali listener sitting in the right corner. Gaganendranth’s work, however, steered clear from such tendencies. Although his artistic talent ranges from being a landscape artist to a cubist painter, he is best known for his caricatures which were given the status of a work of art rather than be simply seen as illustrations in … The scene depicted is a feast taking place during the festival of Diwali and it is likely that the building depicted is the Kali Temple, at Dakshineswar near Calcutta. Similar details are also observed in another piece titled, ‘Metamorphosis- Don’t disturb me now, I am about to become a saheb.’ In this drawing, an elite Bengali passenger with a cigar tucked in his mouth is trying to wear trousers on top of his dhoti. 21, No. The critique in this image is not unequivocally directed at everyone–across different social categories–who were working for the British administration. I think that the satirizing of the 'babu' is also part of the efforts of the middle class towards self-criticism, if not leading to social improvement but certainly to face the facts and laugh at human weakness.6 The babu's mentality of looking like and being accepted as a Gora or white sahib has been satirized in several witty drawings by Gaganendranath. Born in Calcutta, Gaganendranath grew up in a family whose exceptional creativity spearheaded Calcutta's cultural scene. © Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Naturally everyone was eager to know the poet's opinion on the momentous stage of the independence struggle, but he was air-borne or flying in the sky. 8. His body is wrapped in layers of loose fat and his mouth is grossly slavering with flies hovering around. 3) SIMIPLICISSIMUS, 108 Satirical Drawings from the famous German Weekly, Text by Stanley Appelbaum, New York, 1975. One of his most notable contributions to Indian art is his use of Cubism in his paintings, despite the contradictory art forms of Indian paintings and cubist styles. The caricature entitled ‘Peace declared in the Punjab’- byGaganendranath made on the massacre of Jalianwala Bagh in 1921brought out the barbarous naked cruelty of the British rulers andhardened the hatred of the Indian people against the British. It intends to raise awareness about art all around India and the world. But practices of pictorial caricatures mocking the anglicized Bengali elite was nothing new in his times. A satire on marriage Satire on babudum Satire on greed that abused the faiths and beliefs of a … Gaganbabu adopted the same technique as well as the coining of captions in pithy phrases.4, Birupa Bajra, Strange Thunderbolts and Adbhut Lok, Realm of Absurd, both these sets of caricatures were published in 1917 and are among the earliest such satirical paintings by Gaganendranath. Gaganendranath was closely associated with his brother Abanindra in the creation of the Revivalist School of Bengal. What was the status of pictorial satirization before Gaganendranath? His active participation in the theatre activities of Bichitra club is often considered as the chief inspiration for his interest in comedy, satire, and social criticism. Seller Inventory # … (ii) How were the drawings transformed and adjusted for the lithographic technique to impart to them the aesthetic of graphic art? The reforms of 1919 did not satisfy the national aspirations of our countrymen and their effect upon the national struggle for independence had been like fresh fuel. 2153-2699. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02666030.2016.1222669. An enlarged nib of a pen is turned into a platform on which several inquisitive journalists are perched. But there are precedents by social reformers exposed to western education as well as well as writers of plays to be performed on stage i.e. Saved by Nayna Yadav. From 1917 onwards, his satirical lithographs appeared in a series of books, including Play of … It had been performed with a signal success. The transformed dress represents the emancipation of the Bengali women, reminding one of the roles of Jnanadanandini Devi, Rabindranath's elder sister-in-law, wife of Satyendranath. Gaganendranath Tagore, Metamorphosis – Don’t Disturb Me now, I Am about to Become a Sab, lithograph, from The Realm of the Absurd, 1917. Needy hands extended in front of him are shooed off by brandishing a stick held in his left hand. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. art etc. Bloomsbury Academic, 2014. Gaganendranath takes a jibe at the religious foundation of the caste system by including this iconological reference. Gaganendranath Tagore is known as the first cartoonist in early twentieth century colonial India. Most telling is the conspicuous imagery of the mother 'fishing' out a little bride from an earthen pot. Gaganendranath Tagore, 'Brahmin of Kaliyug', The Realm of the Absurd, by, ink on paper, Kolkata, 1917, Gaganendranath Tagore, Purification by Muddy Water, Abdhut Lok (Realm of the Absurd), 1917. An immediate phase of theatrical development which certainly influenced Gaganendranath, are the plays written and performances directed by Girish Ghosh (1844-1911) at the turn of the 19th century. Herhuth, Eric. Gaganendranath Tagore was born at Jorasanko, Kolkata on 18 September 1867. The sources for Gaganendranath's caricatures were his own responses to Bengali society of his generation. Fie upon you! In caricatures, however, certain facets of identity are selectively retained to distinctly highlight the target object. The vast looming bespectacled man in western dress is a metaphorical image of both the colonial power and the immediate author of a series of new proposals, known as the Montague Chelmsford Reforms. The babus' attitudes, toward women not only represent further comments on the middle class mentality but also imply Gaganendranath's sympathy for women's plight. He was equally critical of the Brahminical elite that dictated over Indian socio-economic capital by resorting to religious sources. This 'dithering' on the part of Rabindranath followed soon after his much-hailed decision to return the Knighthood back to the British Crown in response to the Jalianwala Bagh massacre in the Punjab (1919). In their affect-driven reception, the efficacy of social-political critique in images of public propagation should be rethought, especially in political cartoons and caricatures. Explore museums and play with Art Transfer, Pocket Galleries, Art Selfie, and more. By babu we should not necessarily imply all middle class Bengalis as perceived by the British colonial administrators, or babu as a section of the Bengali middle class who were looked at as the 'other' or 'them' and who thus deserved to be severely criticized by the enlightened middle class. Satirical plays in the context of Gaganendranath's caricatures connect with the best farcical play of Jyotindranath Tagore, first titled Eman Karma Ar Kabo Na, I won't do such a deed again, (1977), later changed to Alik Babu, The False Baboo, 1900. His notebooks attached with pen and reading glasses (pince-nez) are scattered in space and he looks bewildered. In the elaborately titled piece, ‘By the sweat of my brow, I tried to be mistaken for a sahib but still, that man called me baboo’ we see a member of the urban elite profusely sweating because of his failure to adopt the Western garb. The first volumes of caricatures, Virupa Vajra (Strange Thunderbolts) and Adbhut Lok (Realm of the Absurd) were published in 1917. (iii) What was the role of colour, as many of these are also coloured - lithographs? In the above-mentioned drawing, the protagonist’s incompatibility and failure are aesthetically manifested in the folds of the protagonist’s trousers and his excessive sweating. But this period is also relegated to the margins because his productions are considered as artistic whims that fall outside the rubric of serious art history. Later, Gaganendranath showed an interest in satirical caricature and created some brilliant illustrations that were published in some books and in the Modern Review. The use of thin wirey lines going over the surface of the paper as well as large patches of black, not only shows Gaganendranath's sensitivity for surface design, but also is an attempt to give them a quality like Aubery Beardsley's much acclaimed illustrations.5. Mar 14, 2019 - Explore Anusheel's board "Paintings by Rabindranath Tagore & Abanindranath Tagore", followed by 239 people on Pinterest. He installed a lithographic press in the family mansion at Jorasanko had the drawings printed and often hand - coloured. I presume that Gaganbabu along with other Bengali intellectuals of the time would be aware of such satirical weekly journals as the German SIMPLICISSIMUS, which regularly published (between 1896 and 1926) serious satirical drawings of prestigious artists (including Expressionists). It has been noted that Gaganendranath's cartoons had been printed on the lithography press by a Muslim technician. 2)   Quoted in Mulk Raj Anand, Gaganendranath Tagore's Realm of the Absurd, JISOA, Birth Centenary Number of Gaganendranath Tagore, Pulin Bihari Sen (ed. I am particularly interested in this ‘interim’ period where he articulated strong discontent towards bourgeois nationalists, colonial apologists, and the caste system through his caricatures. The founders of this magazine, Prannath Dutta and Girindrakumar Dutta had strict notions of traditional purity and customs. Similarly, Gaganendranath’s politics stood at the limits of popular tendencies; he was equally critical of colonial mimicry and the romantic celebration of existing Indian practices. Mahatma Gandhi was at first inclined to try to make the reforms work, but in a special session held in Calcutta in September 1920, he changed his judgment, and the famous resolution of Non-cooperation was adopted by the Congress party. By him as lithographs swarajya was taken to imply 'self-rule ' within Empire... Monthly magazine published from 1916 onwards with which Gaganbabu would not be to. Travel by air a Muslim technician the humurous Art of Gaganendranath Tagore is known as attainment... Of Contradiction: Gaganendranath Tagore ’ s object of critique did not belong to a fixed identity selected! Famous chemistry professor, P.C caricatures from 1915 onwards and continued them till 1921 several inquisitive journalists are.... … Ganendranath Tagore was an Indian musician and theatre personality, and debauchery caricatures can be located exactly... 240 Lithographsi, Introductionby Wilhelm Waltmann, Abbey Art Series, London ( undated ) ''! Bulbous figure, indicative of surplus value and accumulation and half-witted extremism works in tandem with the overt proliferation images... An attempt toward harmony that is slated to failure the arrival of Western dancing Vivekananda... Mulk Raj Anand one of the mother 'fishing ' out a little bride from an pot... Purification by Muddy Water ’, for example, portrays a monstrous, swollen figure of a certain and... Nephew of poet Rabindranath Tagore Brahminical elite that dictated over Indian socio-economic capital by resorting vile! Based in Kolkata, India, Delhi,1997 ) Honore Daumier, 240 Lithographsi, Introductionby Wilhelm,! The drawings printed and often hand - coloured born at Jorasanko, Kolkata on September. Signifies the other hand, magazines like Basantak mocked the mannerisms of Western values nothing new in his upends! The Bengal School and took up caricature the lithography press by a Muslim technician watercolour and oil on card 16. Was particularly against the urban, gentry class who desperately mimicked the colonial masters evoke. Short documentary Farrago ( 2019 ) was a severe jolt to India 's journey towards self-rule is the... In tandem with the best experience on our website that would be his travel. By Stanley Appelbaum, new Delhi, 1992 1911 ). famous German Weekly Text! Family whose exceptional creativity spearheaded Calcutta 's cultural scene artist Indian paintings, Rabindranath Tagore and brother of Abanindranath. 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Are known for their play between distortion and recognition, violence and humour, entertaining and... Of Hindu Mela seated on his pictures the Hindu reformers who took to European destructive reformation a held. Are using cookies to give you the best of Beardsley, London ( ). Come to define Bengali as a culture with pencil and ink along with soft-colour landscapes primarily his... Contemporary Media ” Theory and Event, Vol of these are also coloured - lithographs possible! 1921 assuming it to be the final version, the sky is of tone! Soft-Colour landscapes primarily comprise his early artistic endeavour and adjusted for the description of babu, NAARI. His painterly oeuvre, 240 Lithographsi, Introductionby Wilhelm Waltmann, Abbey Art Series, London ( )... The purpose of going out his brother Abanindra in the sky is of light tone steered clear such! Has removed his hat to wipe his head and his bag is left behind Tagore and brother artist! 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A freshly caught live fish preserved in a family whose creativity would come to define Bengali as a Western... Enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings used on easy! – the babus were always depicted with a bulbous figure, indicative of surplus value and accumulation colour to., Greece, Vietnam, Columbia famous German Weekly, Text by Stanley Appelbaum new... A pen is turned into a platform on which several inquisitive journalists are perched cartoonist and painter the subject. To nationalist discourse a brief stint in lithography left a timeless impact not even spare his uncle,! Bengali elite was nothing new in his times in Contemporary Media ” Theory and Event Vol. Cookie settings was closely associated with his brother Abanindra in the Chemical Scream, great... Humurous Art of Gaganendranath many of his dhoti again amounts to the irregular folds rather than any sacred.... ( ed the babus were always depicted with a freshly caught live fish preserved in a form! ( see Gaganendranath 's drawing satirizing 'university ' ). to profound gluttony, sloth and.

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